Your doctor or nurse will look at your skin and measure your weight and blood pressure. They’ll ask questions about your period, any symptoms you may be having, and your personal and family health history. They may do a pelvic exam and blood tests to check your hormone levels, whether you may be pregnant, and more. In some cases, your doctor or nurse may recommend getting an ultrasound to check for ovarian cysts.  
There's also a good and bad way to go about nitpicking, imo. For every person laughing at Momo's dimpled ass, there are ten anons going 'ewwwwww look at _____'s potato nose i'd kms if i had it' or 'omg she needs surgery on her chin' and other ridiculous overreactions to normal photos/facial features that seem like they're made by young teens who want to make themselves feel more attractive.

PCOS-related hormonal dysfunction can result in irregular or absent ovulation (anovulation). A variety of drugs can be used to treat this, enhancing the quality of both the egg (oocyte) and ovulation. Typical, first-line treatments include the fertility drugs Clomid (clomiphene citrate) and Femara (letrozole). While Clomid is commonly used to enhance ovulation, Femara may work better in women with PCOS as it neither raises estrogen levels nor increases the risk of multiple births to the same degree as Clomid.
they do seem vain but to be fair, she did get them years ago, before she turned into the grimy junkie she is today. at the time she got them (i've been following her since like 2011-2012), they seemed really clever to me. i can't really recall her scamming people for money and whatnot at that point. she was just a young girl who mentioned her abusive mother and stuff and i think most people just thought of the tattoos like "oh she's got such amazing self confidence! i'm inspired!"
i understand that it's kind of the name of the game on this website but it just gets repetitive and boring after a while hearing people say the same things over and over again about her looks when 1) she really couldn't change it unless she had a ton of money (but we all know that'd just go to drugs) 2) like >>403879 and >>403866 said, she knows she's unattractive so there's no point in pointing out her bad physical qualities when everyone, including herself, gets it. and 3) most of the things that are being pointed out and mocked are normal and a lot of the people who post on this thread probably have the same things (like stretch marks. even if you aren't fat you can get those lol)
The first search revealed ten herbal medicines with a demonstrated mechanism of reproductive endocrinological effect for the whole herbal extract in PCOS, oligo/amenorrhoea and hyperandrogenism. These were Cimicifuga racemosa, Cinnamomum cassia, Curcuma longa, Glycyrrhiza spp., Matricaria chamomilla, Mentha piperita, Paeonia lactiflora, Silybum marianum, Tribulus terrestris and Vitex agnus-castus. Herbal medicines with a demonstrated mechanism of effect were entered as key terms in the second search.
Jump up ^ Wang, F.-F.; Wu, Y.; Zhu, Y.-H.; Ding, T.; Batterham, R. L.; Qu, F.; Hardiman, P. J. (2018-07-31). "Pharmacologic therapy to induce weight loss in women who have obesity/overweight with polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and network meta-analysis". Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. doi:10.1111/obr.12720. ISSN 1467-789X. PMID 30066361.
Lifestyle measures to achieve a weight loss of 5%-10% in overweight women can help regulate ovulation and periods. Although the basic approach of nutrition is needed, it can be more challenging to lose weight and maintain weight loss with PCOS. Dr. Dunaif from Northwestern is very encouraging that even “a little bit of weight reduction and exercise can improve insulin sensitivity.”

Red Raspberry Leaf (Rubus idaeus) If you like black tea but do not want caffeine, red raspberry leaf tea is a perfect pleasant tasting alternative. It is one of the most beloved herbs for women in traditional herbal medicine because it strengthens the female reproductive system on many levels. This herb can help stop heavy menstrual bleeding, is high in iron and can strengthen the lining of the uterus which can aid in conception for women with PCOS.
When a woman isn’t ovulating regularly, the lining of her uterus (the endometrium) isn’t being exposed to the normal patterns of estrogen and progesterone. With no progesterone exposure, the lining won’t shed completely (when it sheds, that’s what women see as their period). “If this goes on, a woman can develop endometrial hyperplasia and even endometrial cancer,” she adds. (Endometrial hyperplasia is when the lining of the uterus is abnormally thick, most likely due to estrogen without progesterone exposure, and it can lead to uterine cancer.) (3)
On the topic of Chief, I've been wondering why she's so into him and was attracted to him in the first place. He's just a dirty, ugly, boring, almost middle-aged man, whereas there are tons of younger male junkies who look and act the part of ~tortured artiste~ and would match her aesthetic and desired lifestyle much better. What's the deal? Why Chief? Is he just the first guy who came along who'd shoot her up, and now she just can't be bothered to find someone better?

GlucX is a combination of natural fibers designed to help regulate the absorption of glucose into the bloodstream while helping to maintain healthy cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, and insulin levels.* Because high insulin levels promote PCOS, this product is essential to reducing insulin spiking.* Additionally, research demonstrates the benefits of high fiber intake on weight management and cardiovascular support.* GlucX contains fenugreek, a botanical, that decreases the absorption of carbohydrates into the bloodstream as well as prevents insulin spikes that occur with carbohydrate intake.* Fenugreek also has specific benefits for blood sugar balancing.
Rebekah Roth - Thank you so much!!!! Insulite has helped me in the past and I’m currently taking it again! Within a couple months, I got my period (it was NEVER on a schedule before, and often skipped months), and I felt so good that I was motivated to start eating healthy. I lost 30 lbs, and got pregnant after one try (we were trying before for 7 years). There’s something to be said about all natural supplements. I never tried Metformin and never will!!!

The long-term prognosis of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is confirmed by reproductive endocrinologist, Dr. Walter Futterweit, who says: “It’s not just there when you’re trying to have your children. And even into the ages of 40s, you still can have the irregular cycles and the excess androgens. Some of the long-term complications are things that are going to be manifest as the person gets older. So it’s not just a here, there for a few years. It’s pretty much a lifetime illness.”3

Si una chica tiene sobrepeso u obesidad, el médico le recomendará perder peso. La pérdida de peso puede ir muy bien para atenuar muchos de los problemas de salud relacionados con el síndrome de ovario poliquístico, como la hipertensión y la diabetes. A veces, sólo con perder peso, se consigue restaurar las concentraciones hormonalejavascript:void(0)s normales y, como consecuencia, muchos de los síntomas desaparecen o disminuyen.


This is an important distinction; given her longtime love for drugs, tendency to abuse everything she gets, and unwillingness to go sober even when she's not on H, there's a good chance that Luna has 'polysubstance dependence' and is chasing the feeling of being 'not sober' by abusing her meds. The drugs she abuses don't have to get her high if that is the case, just do enough to make her feel a change in her consciousness (e.g. sedation, calm). It's common in people with untreated mental illness. Luna probably hates herself so much that she just can't handle being left alone with her sober self.
Hi Dokbru, simula po kasi nag ka hyperacidity ako last october hindi n naman po nag regular ang menstruation ko. Minsan isang buwan konti lang lalabas n dugo n medyo parang putik pa ang kulay nya s ngaun po mag 2months n po akong d dinadatnan. Di naman po ako mabuntis kasi wala po dito asawa ko.. Nung high school pa po kc ako nkaranas na ako ng di nireregla at 5months po un .. Anu po pwede kung gawin?

Methadone is said to not get people "high," but I beg to differ. It doesn't give any of the euphoria that heroin does, nor the rush, but it definitely has a body high to it. I've never taken a dose of methadone over 30mg (which is a typical maintenance dose, btw) and got so high off that I couldn't walk straight. Mentally I was nearly clear though. Maybe Lurch likes feeling physically retarded and it takes him 130mg to get there? Who knows.
there is no "trial" lmao. you would have flown out for nothing. it's a two minute thing, TOPS. he probably got appointed a public defender today. or maybe not even appointed one, just applied to be appointed one. the first or second time they just ask you to bring in paperwork proving you're poor and need a public defender. when you do get one, the lawyer just keeps adjourning it, like six or more times usually. then you're asked to get into a program or a detox or whatever. at the end he might get probation. each court appearance is less than 5 minutes long.
Grassi, Angela MS, RD, LDN and Stephanie B. Mattei, Psy.D, Troiano, Leah. The PCOS Workbook: Your Guide to Complete Physical and Emotional Health. Luca Publishing, 2009. The PCOS Workbook is a guide that includes step–by–step guidelines, questionnaires, and exercises that will help you learn skills and empower you to make positive changes in your life that might not get rid of PCOS, but will help you live with it.
Other insulin sensitizing agents have been advocated and studied for the treatment of IR in PCOS, principally thiazolinediones. Thiazolinediones stimulate gene transcription that alters lipid and glucose metabolism, decreases lipolysis and decreases fat deposition[90]. Thiazolinediones decrease fatty acid release, suppress gluconeogenesis and reduce tumor necrosis factor α disruption of insulin activity[64]. Pioglitazone and rosiglitazone have decreased IR (measured by clamp studies) in PCOS women[90-93]. Glitazones have also decreased IR by OGTT AUC-Insulin in PCOS women[91,93,94]. In patients with DM, thiazolinediones reduce central adiposity[95], a trait commonly shared with PCOS women. Pioglitazone by way of IR and adiponectin levels also has improved menstrual regularity in PCOS women[96,97]. Adverse outcomes have been seen in pregnant animals with limited to no human data. Therefore, as a class, thiazolinediones are not considered first line therapy for PCOS women seeking pregnancy. Rosiglitazone has even been found to decrease pro-inflammatory markers in human granulosa cells cultured following in vitro fertilization oocyte retrieval, thus showing additional target tissue for therapy[98]. However, these effects have not been adequately studied and have no current practical application.
Hirsutism is a bothersome hyperandrogenic manifestation of PCOS that may require at least six months of treatment before improvement begins. According to a 2015 Cochrane review, the most effective first-line therapy for mild hirsutism is oral contraceptives.32 Spironolactone, 100 mg daily, and flutamide, 250 mg twice daily, are safe for patient use, but the evidence for their effectiveness is minimal.32 Other therapies include eflornithine (Vaniqa), electrolysis, or light-based therapies such as lasers and intense pulsed light. Any of these can be used as monotherapy in mild cases or as adjunctive therapy in more severe cases.33

Because of the menstrual and hormonal irregularities, infertility is common in women with PCOS. Because of the lack of ovulation, progesterone secretion in women with PCOS is diminished, leading to long-term unopposed estrogen stimulation of the uterine lining. This situation can lead to abnormal periods, breakthrough bleeding, or prolonged uterine bleeding. Unopposed estrogen stimulation of the uterus is also a risk factor for the development of endometrial hyperplasia and cancer of the endometrium (uterine lining). However, medications can be given to induce regular periods and reduce the estrogenic stimulation of the endometrium (see below).

Además de los medicamentos, hacer ejercicio regularmente y llevar una dieta sana pueden ayudar a controlar el PCOS. Aunque el PCOS dificulta mucho la pérdida del peso, adelgazar aunque sea un poco puede ayudar a reducir algunos de sus síntomas. Hable con el proveedor de atención médica de su hija para obtener más información sobre el adelgazamiento y el PCOS.


Evidence suggests that metformin frequently, but not universally, improves ovulation rates and pregnancy rates in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), especially in obese women. [2, 3, 70] In addition, pretreatment with metformin has been shown to enhance the efficacy of clomiphene for inducing ovulation. [71] Consider the combination of metformin and clomiphene in older women with visceral obesity and clomiphene resistance. [2] However, this combination doesn’t significantly improve the live birth rate relative to clomiphene monotherapy. [2] Whether short-course metformin pretreatment (less than 4 weeks) is as effective as conventional long-course metformin remains uncertain. [5, 72]

Two clinical studies examined the androgen lowering effects of Glycyrrhiza Glabra. A single arm clinical trial demonstrated reduced testosterone in healthy women aged 22–26 years (n = 9) over two menstrual cycles. Treatment with Glycyrrhiza glabra, 7 grams per day reduced testosterone from 27.8(±8.2) to 17.5 (±6.4), p < 0.05 [55]. Another single arm clinical trial investigated the effects of Glycyrrhiza glabra in women with PCOS, (n = 32). Glycyrrhiza glabra 3.5 g per day was added to anti-androgen pharmaceutical treatment, Spirinolactone 100 mg/day over two menstrual cycles. An unwanted side effect for Spirinolactone was the flare of androgens during the initial phase of treatment. This study demonstrated reduced concentrations of testosterone during the first four days of treatment at 103 ± 29 ng/d in the Spirinolactone group compared to 91 ng/d (±19) when combined with Glycyrrhiza glabra (p < 0.05) [54] (Table 1). Consistent laboratory and clinical outcomes were demonstrated however limitations included design shortcomings. Both clinical studies were open label observational design with small sample sizes; one included healthy participants. Rigorous studies are needed to confirm the androgen lowering effects of Glycyrrhiza spp. in hyperandrogenism and PCOS.


SA, JA, CS and AB conceived of the study and participated in its design and coordination. SA carried out the search of the literature. SA, JA and CS participated in study inclusion or exclusion. SA performed data extraction and CS, JA and AB reviewed the quality of data. SA, JA and AB designed and edited the tables. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
AQUA LUNA is just a few steps from the historical centre of Riga, in the quiet Andrejsala area. An old port where abandoned warehouses of imperial times are located next to a modern yacht-club, fashionable restaurants and night clubs, Andrejsala first became a popular leisure area for independent youth and bohemia, and more recently for high society and the wealthy. Industrial port buildings and the urban landscape add a special romanticism and piquancy to the area, which in the evenings becomes a centre of entertainment in Riga.
The treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome has evolved considerably since the influence of insulin has been discovered. In the past, treatment was often aimed exclusively at specific symptoms rather than trying to impact some of the underlying influences. Symptoms can definitely be improved individually but addressing influencing conditions like insulin resistance often produces broader results. If insulin resistance is a factor in your PCOS (some women with PCOS are not insulin resistant), then the most effective course of action is to improve your diet. Start a regular exercise program and take supplements or medication recommended by your health care provider.
Often, women with PCOS tend to put on weight easily and have difficulty losing weight. This is because women with PCOS are thrifty with calories. If they eat too much, extra insulin is needed to dispose of the extra sugar. Sadly, this tendency can also increase the risk of diabetes. This is more likely in those with a family history of adult-onset diabetes. Women with PCOS are more likely to develop high blood pressure and diabetes during pregnancy, particularly if they are overweight and have higher than normal insulin levels.
76. Chen J-T, Tominaga K, Sato Y, Anzai H, Matsuoka R. Maitake mushroom (Grifola frondosa) extract induces ovulation in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome: a possible monotherapy and a combination therapy after failure with first-line clomiphene citrate. J Alternative Compl Med. 2010;16(12):1295–1299. doi: 10.1089/acm.2009.0696. [PubMed] [CrossRef]
Los medicamentos pueden ayudar a regular su ciclo menstrual y reducir el crecimiento anormal del cabello y el acné. Las píldoras anticonceptivas (para las mujeres que no intentan tener un bebé) y la metformina son dos medicamentos recetados que a menudo son útiles. Si usted tiene diabetes o presión arterial alta, esas afecciones también necesitan tratamiento. Si quiere tener un bebé, existen medicamentos que pueden ayudarla a quedar embarazada.
The PCOS diagnosis is generally made through clinical signs and symptoms. The doctor will want to exclude other illnesses that have similar features, such as low thyroid hormone blood levels (hypothyroidism) or elevated levels of a milk-producing hormone (prolactin). Also, tumors of the ovary or adrenal glands can produce elevated male hormone (androgen) blood levels that cause acne or excess hair growth, thus mimicking the symptoms of PCOS.

High levels of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that controls how the food you eat is changed into energy. Insulin resistance is when the body's cells do not respond normally to insulin. As a result, your insulin blood levels become higher than normal. Many women with PCOS have insulin resistance, especially those who have overweight or obesity, have unhealthy eating habits, do not get enough physical activity, and have a family history of diabetes (usually type 2 diabetes). Over time, insulin resistance can lead to type 2 diabetes.
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