Jump up ^ Laganà, Antonio Simone; Vitagliano, Amerigo; Noventa, Marco; Ambrosini, Guido; D'Anna, Rosario (2018-08-04). "Myo-inositol supplementation reduces the amount of gonadotropins and length of ovarian stimulation in women undergoing IVF: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials". Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics. doi:10.1007/s00404-018-4861-y. ISSN 1432-0711. PMID 30078122.
Physicians and scientists at UChicago Medicine are also actively pursuing additional solutions for treating PCOS through ongoing clinical trials. In addition, we maintain a current database of more than 700 patients with PCOS. This helps us to monitor progress and changes that may occur over many years of treatment and identify new trends in the disease.
Diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is relatively straightforward. Common criteria established by the Rotterdam Conference in 2003 include at least two of three characteristics (oligomenorrhea, clinical and/or biochemical hyperandrogenism and ultrasound criteria) in the absence of other disease. PCOS is the most common hormonal disorder in women worldwide with prevalence estimates between 4%-8% but as high as 25% in some populations[1]. Women often initiate medical care for a cluster of PCOS symptoms (infertility, hirsutism and irregular menstrual cycles) that ultimately are not the most concerning medical consequences of PCOS [diabetes mellitus (DM), coronary artery disease (CAD), endometrial hyperplasia/cancer]. Here exists an important paradigm in the recognition and treatment of PCOS.
yeah, the constant nitpicking about things she can't help is annoying. people are desperate for milk so they'll try to make a topic out of everything. for example, that anon who was saying how gross her arm looks because it has stretch marks and loose skin. what's she supposed to do about that? shes a shitty person but i gaurentee none of the anons on this thread are perfect or even attractive enough to be such nitpickers
Gud pm doc. Meron akung isang anak . Nung dalaga ako regular naman ang regla ko. Peru cmula nung nagka anak ako 3 to 4 months na aqng nireregla 22yrs old napu ako ngaun nung pnanganak ko ang bb ko 18yrs old palang ako. Mahgit 4years ng abnormal ang mens. Ko. At ngaun 2015 lang nalaman ko na meron dn pala akung non toxic goiter. Makakasama ba e2 sa akin. May posibilidad dn bang d na aq magka anak. At may posibilidad dn ba na magka cancer ako?

Los ovarios de la mujer tienen folículos, que son los sacos diminutos y llenos de líquido que contienen los óvulos. Cuando el óvulo madura, el folículo lo libera para que pueda desplazarse al útero para la fertilización. En mujeres con el síndrome, los folículos inmaduros se agrupan y forman quistes o bultos grandes. Los óvulos maduran con los grupos de folículos, pero los folículos no se abren para liberarlos.
One laboratory study and two clinical investigations provided evidence for the two herb combination, Glycyrrhiza uralensis and Paeonia lactiflora[53, 58, 59] (Table 1). An animal study found significant reductions in free and total testosterone following exposure to the combination [53] (Table 1). These findings were supported in two open label clinical trials including women with PCOS (n = 34) [59] and women with hyperandrogenism (n = 8) [58]. Both trials examined the effects on androgens for the aqueous extract TJ-68 (equal parts Glycyrrhiza uralensis and Paeonia lactiflora), 75 grams per day for 24 weeks and 5–10 grams per day for 2–8 weeks respectively. In the trial including women with PCOS, mean serum testosterone was significantly reduced from 137.1 ng/dL (±27.6) to 85.3 ng/dL (±38), p < 0.001 at four weeks of treatment [59]. Similar effects were observed in the women with oligomenorrhoea and hyperandrogenism which showed serum testosterone reduced from 50-160 ng/dL prior to treatment to less than 50 ng/dL [58]. However statistical significance was not reached due to the small sample size despite positive outcomes in seven out of eight participants (Table 1).
Kamel [67] Randomised controlled trial with an active control group. Comparative effectiveness trial for ovulation induction in women with PCOS. Three menstrual cycles. Women aged 21–27 with primary or secondary infertility. Diagnosis of PCOS by ultrasound and clinical history (n = 100). Gynaecology outpatient clinic. Two groups. Group one (n = 50) received Clomiphene citrate 100 mg days 2–7 of the menstrual cycle; group two (n = 50) received 20 mg Cimicifuga racemosa for days 2–12 of the menstrual cycle. Cimicifuga racemosa extract Klimadynon® by Bionorica, Neumarkt i.d. OBF Germany. 20 mg twice daily days 2–12 of menstrual cycle Clomiphene citrate (clomiphene) 100 mg daily for days 2–7 of menstrual cycle. Trigger injection (Human chorionic gonadotropin Pregnyl) and timed intercourse recommended when dominant follicle (>18 mm) was observed on ultrasound. Serum measurements during follicular phase for FSH, LH and FSH:LH ratio. Mid luteal progesterone. Ultrasound observation of endometrial thickness. Pregnancy rates including twin pregnancies. Adverse events including hyperstimulation. Positive outcomes for Cimicifuga racemosa compared to clomiphene for reduced day 2–5; LH (p = 0.007) and improved FSH to LH ratio (p = 0.06), mid luteal progesterone (p = 0.0001), endometrial thickness (p = 0.0004). Pregnancy rates were higher in the Cimicifuga racemosa group (7/50 compared to 4/50) but not statistically significant (p = 0.1). Adverse events (4 women) and twin pregnancy’s (two women) were not significantly different between groups. No detail for diagnostic criteria for PCOS. Confounding fertility factors not described. Drop-out reasons were not reported seven in Cimicifuga racemosa group and four in clomiphene group.
Kilicdag [63] Randomised comparative effectiveness trial. Eighty women, 40 with hyperprolactin-aemia, 40 with cyclical mastalgia. Herbal extract Vitex agnus-castus 40 mg in the commercial preparation Agnucaston® by Biomeks, Germany. Comparison of difference between Vitex agnus-castus and Bromocriptine for serum prolactin concentration on days 5–8 of the menstrual cycle. Mean prolactin concentration before and after in the V.agnus-castus arm; 946mIU/L (±173.5) to 529mIU/l (±279.7), p < 0.0001. In the Bromocriptine arm; 885.0 mIU/l (±177.5) to 472.68mIU/L (±265.6), p < 0.0001. All participants completed the trial. Adverse reactions; zero reported in V. agnus-castus group; 12.5% of participants reported adverse reactions in the Bromocriptine group (nausea and vomiting).
What are the health benefits of cinnamon? Cinnamon is the second most popular spice in the U.S. But can it benefit the body? It has long been used to treat bronchitis, and research suggests that cinnamon can help to combat fungal infections, diabetes, and other conditions. It may also promote healing from chronic wounds. Learn about risks, types, and more. Read now
What are the health benefits of cinnamon? Cinnamon is the second most popular spice in the U.S. But can it benefit the body? It has long been used to treat bronchitis, and research suggests that cinnamon can help to combat fungal infections, diabetes, and other conditions. It may also promote healing from chronic wounds. Learn about risks, types, and more. Read now
Polycystic (say: pah-lee-SIS-tik) ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormone imbalance that affects about 1 in 10 women. Girls as young as 11 can get PCOS. Do you have PCOS or common signs of PCOS? Read answers to commonly asked questions about PCOS below, or go straight to our Living Well With PCOS [ PDF 459K] guide and PCOS Fitness Worksheet [ PDF 504K].

Pharmaceutical treatment for menstrual irregularity includes the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) and ovulation induction with clomiphene citrate (clomiphene) [20, 21] depending on fertility needs. Women with PCOS are however likely to exhibit contraindications for the OCP [3] and whilst induction of ovulation with clomiphene has demonstrated success, pregnancy rates remain inexplicably low [4]. Up to thirty 30% of women, particularly overweight women with PCOS, fail to respond to clomiphene therapy [4, 22, 23]. Management for hyperandrogenism includes anti-androgens and hypoglycaemic pharmaceuticals such as metformin [24]. Metfomin has demonstrated effectiveness for improving insulin sensitivity and hyperandrogenism, however use of metformin is associated with the high incidence of adverse effects including nausea, vomiting and gastro-intestinal disturbances [5].
“If a woman has fewer than eight menstrual periods a year on a chronic basis, she probably has a 50 to 80 percent chance of having polycystic ovary syndrome based on that single observation,” said John Nestler, the chair of the department of internal medicine at Virginia Commonwealth University. “But if she has infrequent menstruation and she has elevated levels of androgens such as testosterone in the blood, than she has a greater than 90 percent chance of having the condition.”
Maliban sa genes, ang isa pa sa mga posibleng PCOS causes ang insulin resistance. Ang insulin ay hormone na ginagawa sa pancreas, na pinaninigurado na nagagamit ng katawan ang sugar o asukal bilang enerhiya. Maaring mangyari na hindi tama ang paggamit ng katawan sa insulin, at dahil sa misuse na ito lalakas lalo ang demand para sa nasabing hormone. Ang masyadong maraming insulin ay magpapataas ng androgen production, kaya mahihirapan ang obaryo sa tamang ovulation process.
Same, anon. I'm pretty sedated always I don't remember what it feels like not be on it but it took me literal years to get here I can't imagine taking 400 off the bat and not be able to sleep. One of the 500 drugs in her system must make it less effective but it's a very heavy sedative. It's not fun tho either. Idk why someone would abuse it. She probably thinks it's the same thing ambien but it is definitely not. She's so dumb it's amazing.
The long-term prognosis of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is confirmed by reproductive endocrinologist, Dr. Walter Futterweit, who says: “It’s not just there when you’re trying to have your children. And even into the ages of 40s, you still can have the irregular cycles and the excess androgens. Some of the long-term complications are things that are going to be manifest as the person gets older. So it’s not just a here, there for a few years. It’s pretty much a lifetime illness.”3
What you're talking about actually exists - it's called loperamide or Imodium, a widespread drug that exerts an effect only on the mu opioid receptors in the myenteric plexus. It cannot cross the blood-brain barrier. On the other hand, if you want an analgesic, you will have to cross the blood-brain barrier. With cannabinoles, you have different affinities and activities acting on different systems, while for an opioid analgesic the same process that gives the addictive rush. From a purely neurochemical perspective, the difference is that for cannabinoids, the addictive-euphoric and the pain-relieving effects take place on different receptors and it's possible to isolate cannabinoids that have no or little psychoactive effects while for opioids, the effect that gives pain relief is exactly the same as that responsible for addiction. Some opioids have a relatively slow absorption or they can be packaged as an extended release pill that keeps it from hitting the opioid receptors hard and fast. This will prevent it from having the addictive rush that causes compulsive redosing and addiction. But any systemically administered opioid that kills pain will also be at least a little addictive and euphoric. Hope that helps.
Oh FUCK no. Someone please let the woman know; it's a matter of saving an animal from a lifetime of misery and despair. Siamese cats are much harder to properly keep than the average housecat and needs a household where they'll be stimulated and properly trained so they don't get aggressive. There's no way two lazy dirty junkies could take care of one.

Androgens. All females make androgens (also referred to as “male hormones”), but there are often higher levels of androgens in women with PCOS. The excess androgens are produced mostly by the ovaries, but the adrenal glands can also be involved. Excess androgens are responsible for many PCOS symptoms including acne, unwanted hair, thinning hair, and irregular periods.

A neck lump or nodule is the most common symptom of thyroid cancer. You may feel a lump, notice one side of your neck appears to be different, or your doctor may find it during a routine examination. If the tumor is large, it may cause neck or facial pain, shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing, cough unrelated to a cold, hoarseness or voice change.
Fish oil has been associated with a long list of health benefits, and some research indicates that omega-3 supplements can decrease androgen levels in women with PCOS. One study found that women with PCOS who were given three grams of omega-3s a day for eight weeks had lower testosterone concentrations and were more likely to resume regular menses than subjects who received a placebo.
Dok. Magandang tanghali po. May PCOS din po ako. 19 years old po ako nung nalaman kong may sakit akong Polycystic. Nagkaroon po ako ng kalive in nun dati aman po e okay yung regla ko tas nung nagsasama na kami nung bf ko hndi na ko nagkakameron akala namin buntis ako 1year akong hndi niregla nun. Hiwalay na kami ng ka live in ko ngayon . Niresetahan ako ng doktor ko ng Provera 5 days kong iinumin tas magtake din daw ako ng althea pills pag nagkaregla na. Okay aman sya nagkakaregla naman na ako. Kaso lang pahinto hinto yung pag inom ko kasi mejjo mahal yung pills . At dahil nga pahinto hinto yung pag inom ko ng pills hndi na din ako nagkakamens . Kaya nagtatake ulit ako ng provera.
This is A LOT of benzodiazepines. I remember the last batch she got too, and it wasn't that long ago. She's using more than I am, and I'm using them legally for a partial spinal cord injury. The FUCK, Luna. Being dependant on heroin isn't enough for you or something? This bothers me more than the heroin, honestly. The withdrawal from benzos can actually kill you, unlike heroin. Not to mention that using multiple CNS depressants together is dangerous af. Narcan won't bring you back from that shit.

“My doctor mentioned that one day I might have trouble getting pregnant, but didn’t offer any other information about the disorder,” Nirichi said. Other than the absence of her period, PCOS did not significantly impact her life until college, when she began experiencing shooting pains in her pelvis, mood swings, and rapid weight gain despite a rigorous exercise routine.
Ovarian drilling has some advantages compared with gonadotropin treatment because it is associated with a lower multiple gestation rate (OR 0.13; 95% CI: 0.03 to 0.52; p=0.004; I(2)=0%; 5 trials; n=166) 29 and does not require US monitoring of follicular development 9. However, the long-term impact of ovarian drilling on the ovarian reserve/ovarian function remains unknown 29.
Ask your health care provider about treating hair growth. Only you and your health care provider can decide which treatment is right for you. Options may include bleaching, waxing, depilatories, spironolactone (spi-ro-no-lac-tone), electrolysis, and laser treatment. Spironolactone is a prescription medicine that can lessen hair growth and make hair lighter and finer. However, it can take up to 6-8 months to see an improvement.
Los medicamentos pueden ayudar a regular su ciclo menstrual y reducir el crecimiento anormal del cabello y el acné. Las píldoras anticonceptivas (para las mujeres que no intentan tener un bebé) y la metformina son dos medicamentos recetados que a menudo son útiles. Si usted tiene diabetes o presión arterial alta, esas afecciones también necesitan tratamiento. Si quiere tener un bebé, existen medicamentos que pueden ayudarla a quedar embarazada.
Two important things to note are that the long term safety effects of use are not known (but the drug has been in use for decades already) and spironolactone IS NOT SAFE in pregnancy, so it is commonly used in conjunction with birth control pills. This use of birth control pills also protects against abnormal growth of the lining of the uterus. Some women cannot take birth control pills, in which case it is important to use other means of birth control if you are sexually active while taking spironolactone.
A carefully formulated combination of pure nutrients which help to naturally change the interaction of individual cell membranes with insulin*. InsulX is primarily designed to increase the insulin sensitivity of your cells*. As a result, cells can accept glucose more efficiently which helps maintain healthy blood glucose levels. Maintenance of healthy glucose levels reduces the secretion of insulin – a major cause of PCOS*. When insulin and glucose are balanced, the symptoms of PCOS can be better managed.
On March 1, 2012, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) updated health care professionals regarding changes to the prescribing information concerning interactions between protease inhibitors (drugs for management of human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] and hepatitis B infection) and certain statin drugs. The combination of these drugs may raise the blood levels of statins and increase the risk for myopathy. Rhabdomyolysis, the most serious form of myopathy, can cause kidney damage and lead to kidney failure, which is life threatening. [62]
No. Seroquel doesn't have a 'noticeable effect on your perception of reality'. I don't know where you get that shit but seriously, it just knock you out cold. There's no high like in benzos, there's no euphoria like in ambien. You take it and either you are sedated if the dosage is mild or you pass out if it's too much. It's supposed to calm you down and turn you in a zombie. But again, it's not the sedation you get on benzos. It's not enjoyable, you feel shitty and slow. Nobody would take that to be high, you don't feel relaxed, ffs.
Androgen lowering effects for Glycyrrhiza spp. have been demonstrated in one laboratory study examining hormone concentration in female rats (Glycyrrhiza uralensis), [53] and corroborated in two clinical trials, one including healthy women [55] and the other including women with PCOS (Glycyrrhiza glabra) [54] (Table 1). The animal study reported significantly reduced free and total testosterone and increased oestradiol in sterilised rats and no hormonal changes in oophrectomised rats. The authors conclude that the hormonal effects occurred primarily in the ovary via enhanced aromatisation of testosterone to 17-beta oestradiol. The investigators also observed significantly increased oestradiol. There were no changes to FSH or LH in androgen sterilised or oophrectomised rats [53].
The long-term prognosis of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is confirmed by reproductive endocrinologist, Dr. Walter Futterweit, who says: “It’s not just there when you’re trying to have your children. And even into the ages of 40s, you still can have the irregular cycles and the excess androgens. Some of the long-term complications are things that are going to be manifest as the person gets older. So it’s not just a here, there for a few years. It’s pretty much a lifetime illness.”3
i would suggest researching a bit online. but from my experience working in treatment centers yes, meth has foul chemicals. when they first come in and are detoxing from it addicts smell like chemical and ammonia. there are so many foul and unnatural things in it it reeks havoc on the human body. i know she mentioned crack but i don't think we have any real proof luna has ever used meth.
Doc magandang araw po datI na po aqu nagpatingin sa OBY. GYNE Niresetahan aqu ng OBY q ng gracial fill at provic acid para daw po yun maging regular ang dugo q. Pero d q po na tapos yung medicin.. ok na man po yun gamot kc n regla po aqu… after po nun nag punta aqu sa kuwait almost two years po aqu hindi n regla medyu tumaas din po ang timbang q ano po vahang dapat q gawi?
Any lawfags here that can help us out understanding this? From what I roughly gather he's only had Pre-Arraignment so today would be a formal Arraignment deciding whether or not to ask for bail. But his court info says he's already been given ROR so it seems pointless now to come back and decide whether or not to ask for bail or take him to Rikers.
SA, JA, CS and AB conceived of the study and participated in its design and coordination. SA carried out the search of the literature. SA, JA and CS participated in study inclusion or exclusion. SA performed data extraction and CS, JA and AB reviewed the quality of data. SA, JA and AB designed and edited the tables. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Wang et al. 2008 [66] Double blinded, placebo controlled randomised trial (pilot). Eight weeks. 15 overweight women with oligo/amenorrhoea and polycystic ovaries on ultrasound. Mean body mass index 28.8 ± 1.3 kg/m2. Mean age 31.1 ± 2.0 years Cinnamomum cassia extract 333 mg (Integrity Nutraceuticals International Sarasota, Florida) or placebo. One tablet three times per day. Primary outcomes: Insulin resistance and sensitivity. Secondary outcomes oestradiol and testosterone concentration. Body mass index (BMI). Before and after treatment comparisons between randomised groups plus comparison between treatment group and normal ovulatory, normal weight women. Adverse events. Improved insulin sensitivity (QUICKI) in the treatment group. 0.35 to 0.38, (7.7%) p < 0.03. Insulin resistance (HOMO-IR) significantly reduced in treatment group 2.57 to 1.43 (44.5%) p < 0.03. Controls no change insulin sensitivity or insulin resistance. No change in either group for BMI, testosterone and oestradiol. Differences between Cinnamomum cassia group and normal weight and ovulatory controls were not significant. (P < 0.17). No reported adverse reactions. Small pilot study, the authors report that larger studies are required to confirm findings. Small sample size may explain non-significant comparison with normal weight and ovulating women. Reproductive outcomes were unchanged in this study however the duration of the study was insufficient to demonstrate reproductive changes.
The unfortunate truth is that there is no cure for PCOS. But because the disorder can have a profound effect on your health and well-being, treatment is a must. There is one important thing to know about your options: Because the cause of PCOS is still unknown, appropriate therapies are based on a woman’s individual concerns. Is she bothered most about excess hair growth? Does she want to have a baby? Does she need to get her periods back on track?
For acne or excess hair growth, a water pill (diuretic) called spironolactone (Aldactone) may be prescribed to help reverse these problems. The use of spironolactone requires occasional monitoring of blood tests because of its potential effect on the blood potassium levels and kidney function. Eflornithine (Vaniqa) is a prescription cream that can be used to slow facial hair growth in women.Electrolysis and over-the-counter depilatory creams are other options for controlling excess hair growth.
The syndrome acquired its most widely used name due to the common sign on ultrasound examination of multiple (poly) ovarian cysts. These "cysts" are actually immature follicles not cysts. The follicles have developed from primordial follicles, but the development has stopped ("arrested") at an early antral stage due to the disturbed ovarian function. The follicles may be oriented along the ovarian periphery, appearing as a 'string of pearls' on ultrasound examination.[citation needed]