I smoke indoors and as long as you keep the window open and vacuum slightly more often there's no noticeable grime. You should clean your walls with cold water once a year or so to stop build-up of random crap regardless of whether you smoke. Tuna's grime has built up over years of neglect, smoking probably hasn't helped but it's mainly because she's nasty.
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3. Serum hormones during follicular phase oestradiol, LH and FSH. Luteal progesterone measured day 21–23 of the cycle. Serum LH was 8.0 (±0.9) in the clomiphene group and 5.7 (±0.9) in the clomiphene plus Cimicifuga racemosa group (p < 0.001) and oestradiol was 228.3 (±30.2) in the clomiphene alone group and 299.5 (±38.9) \in the clomiphene plus Cimicifuga racemosa group (p = 0.01)
“Don't just trust what the first doctor you see says without doing some research,” she says. “Find another woman with PCOS, go online to some of these support groups. Find a reproductive endocrinologist who knows what they're doing. Talk to other cysters, read the articles, look for doctor recommendations. We have a syndrome that is so complicated and confusing, one of the best ways we can help ourselves is to be proactive and make sure we find the best and most knowledgeable caregivers available to us.”

Genetics play ng isang papel sa PCOS, at ito kadahilanan ay malinaw naman hindi sa ilalim ng aming kontrol. Ngunit marami sa mga iba pang mga kadahilanan ay, at ang mga pagbabagong maaaring madaling isinama sa aming pamumuhay. Kung makapansin ka ng anuman sa mga sintomas ng PCOS, kumuha ito diagnosed na sa pamamagitan ng isang gynecologist. Bukod sa maginoo mga pagpipilian sa paggamot, maaari mong isama ang mga remedyo sa bahay para polycystic obaryo upang mahanap kaluwagan. Ngunit huwag kalimutan upang talakayin ang iyong mga plano sa iyong doktor. Tandaan na siya / siya ay ang expert!
Sin tratamiento, el endometrio que se vuelve cada vez más grueso puede pasar a ser cáncer endometrial. PCOS también está relacionado con otras enfermedades que se presentan después de algunos años, como resistencia a la insulina, diabetes tipo 2, colesterol alto, endurecimiento de las arterias (aterosclerosis), presión alta y enfermedades del corazón.
Chaste berry (Vitex agnus-castus): This herb has been used for centuries for hormone imbalances and is considered an adaptogen. Chaste berry is one of the most common herbs used to treat PCOS because it helps to stimulate and stabilize the function of the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is responsible for the release of luteinising hormone which can reduce the level of estrogen and androgen levels while raising progesterone levels.

Shahin [68] Non-blinded randomised controlled trial. Women with PCOS and infertility, n = 194. All participants received pharmaceutical ovulation induction (Clomiphene citrate 150 mg on days 3–7 of cycle); trigger injection (HCG 10000 IU Pregnyl), timed intercourse and progesterone support (oral micronized progesterone). A randomly selected group additional took Cimicifuga racemosa 120 mg per day (Klimadynon®) Primary outcomes pregnancy rates. Secondary outcomes: Pregnancy rates were 33 out of 192 cycles (17.2%) for the clomiphene alone group and 71 out of 204 cycles (34.8%) for the clomiphene plus Cimicifuga racemosa group. Non-blinding compromised the internal validity of the findings in this study. Confounding variables include variations in participant’s and clinicians attitudes and may have led to differences which were unaccounted for between the two groups. However the outcomes are objective with a statistically powered sample size.
Mid luteal (day 20) serum progesterone concentration before and after; treatment arm 2.46 (±0.70) to 9.69 (±6.34), p < 0.001. Placebo 1.99 (±0.65) to 2.34 (±0.59) p = 0.08. No description of the distribution of drop-outs or missing data. This suggests the potential imbalance between intervention and control and a possible over-exaggeration for treatment effect.

Studies have attempted for years to show an advantage to metformin for ovulation induction and as an adjunct to more advanced fertility treatments. In ovulatory PCOS women metformin was associated with improved serum and follicular fluid AMH levels as well as insulin values; these changes were not seen in anovulatory PCOS women[71]. Despite the demonstration of negative effects of IR on reproductive outcome, the vast majority of evidence does not show improvement in live birth rates when metformin is used strictly for fertility[72], although treatment does improve ovulatory status[72,73].
Ethanol extracts 1. One study examined the oestrogenic effects of Tribulus terrestris on uterine and vaginal tissue of ovariectomised rats [51]. 1. Healthy women n = 8 early menstrual cycle (follicular phase) Pre and post serum hormone concentration for FSH, LH testosterone and oestradiol at 8 am and 12 pm. Intervention consisted of Tribulus Terrestris 250 mg per day over five days. Results showed significant increase in FSH and rise in LH (not significant), an increase in oestradiol and no change in testosterone concentration [56] 1. Ovulation induction in polycystic ovaries [46, 47].
There is no cure yet, but there are many ways you can decrease or eliminate PCOS symptoms and feel better. Your doctor may offer different medicines that can treat symptoms such as irregular periods, acne, excess hair, and elevated blood sugar. Fertility treatments are available to help women get pregnant. Losing as little as 5% excess weight can help women ovulate more regularly and lessen other PCOS symptoms. The ideal way to do this is through nutrition and exercise.
Serum (blood) levels of androgens (hormones associated with male development), including androstenedione and testosterone may be elevated.[17] Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels above 700–800 µg/dL are highly suggestive of adrenal dysfunction because DHEA-S is made exclusively by the adrenal glands.[61][62] The free testosterone level is thought to be the best measure,[62][63] with ~60% of PCOS patients demonstrating supranormal levels.[20] The Free androgen index (FAI) of the ratio of testosterone to sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is high[17][62] and is meant to be a predictor of free testosterone, but is a poor parameter for this and is no better than testosterone alone as a marker for PCOS,[64] possibly because FAI is correlated with the degree of obesity.[65]

Alcohol will only rot your liver when taken to excess. Most people can drink without becoming addicted, while it's highly unusual for people to try heroin 1 or 2 times and not get addicted. The average person isn't going to lie, scam, steal, destroy their family and relationships, and prostitute themselves for alcohol, but heroin often turns people into thieving criminals. Not to say that alcohol isn't terrible as well, but the effect it has on an individual seems lesser than that of heroin.
magandang araw po, ask lang po ang resulta po ba ng mataas na PROLACTIN ay nangangahulugang hindi magkaka anak ang isang babae? sobrang taas po ng prolactin level result q 62.77 ng/ml kumpara sa normal na 5 – 25 ng/ml., anu pu ba ang pwedeng gawin para mapababa sa normal ito? maraming salamat po at sana’y masagot ang tanong q kung meron kau pagkakataon, godbless po!
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
PCOS is a multifaceted syndrome that affects multiple organ systems with significant metabolic and reproductive manifestations. Treatment should be individualized based on the patient's presentation and desire for pregnancy (Figure 219,29–35). Devices and medications used to treat manifestations of PCOS, and their associated adverse effects, are described in Table 2.19,29–33,36
Some other blood tests are suggestive but not diagnostic. The ratio of LH (Luteinizing hormone) to FSH (Follicle-stimulating hormone), when measured in international units, is elevated in women with PCOS. Common cut-offs to designate abnormally high LH/FSH ratios are 2:1[66] or 3:1[62] as tested on Day 3 of the menstrual cycle. The pattern is not very sensitive; a ratio of 2:1 or higher was present in less than 50% of women with PCOS in one study.[66] There are often low levels of sex hormone-binding globulin,[62] in particular among obese or overweight women.[citation needed]
Aunque el síndrome de ovario poliquístico (que antes se llamaba "síndrome de Stein-Leventhal") se identificó por primera vez en la década de los años treinta del siglo XX, los médicos todavía no conocen sus causas con certeza. Las investigaciones sugieren que puede estar relacionado con un aumento de la fabricación de insulina en el cuerpo. Las mujeres con síndrome de ovario poliquístico es posible que produzcan demasiada insulina, lo que estimula a sus ovarios a liberar un exceso de hormonas masculinas. El síndrome de ovario poliquístico parece darse por familias, de modo que si lo padece alguna pariente tuya, tú podrías ser proclive a desarrollarlo.
Randomisation for 206 women 12 were excluded due to failure to respond (treatment group n = 7, control n = 5). 2. Endometrial thickness monitored by ultrasound. Endometrial thickness in the clomiphene alone group was 8.5 mm (±1.9) compared to 12.9 (±2.3) in the clomiphene plus Cimicifuga racemosa group (p < 0.001). The miscarriage rate per pregnancy for the clomiphene alone group was 5 out of 33 (15.2%) and 6 out of 71 (8.5%) in the clomiphene plus Cimicifuga racemosa group.
Side effects: There is no serious side effect associated with Gymnema as long as it is only used for less than about 2 years. This is not a long-term herbal solution to PCOS. It can affect blood sugar so people with diabetes should monitor their levels carefully when taking Gymnema. This herb is also not recommended for breastfeeding or pregnant women even though no complications have been documented.

Women who do not wish to become pregnant can be effectively treated for hirsutism with oral contraceptives. [77] Oral contraceptives slow hair growth in 60-100% of women with hyperandrogenemia. Therapy can be started with a preparation that has a low dose of estrogen and a nonandrogenic progestin. Preparations that have norgestrel and levonorgestrel should be avoided because of their androgenic activity. There is also a risk of thrombotic events in obese women who use oral contraceptives; therefore, the proper precautions should be exercised to prevent such events. Oral contraceptives containing cyproterone acetate are also very effective in the treatment of more severe hirsutism [78] ; however, this combination of agents has not been approved by the FDA for use in the United States.
Debido a los cambios hormonales, las mujeres con PCOS tienen un mayor riesgo de desarrollar ciertas afecciones de salud serias como la diabetes tipo 2, la hipertensión (presión arterial alta) y trastornos del corazón y los vasos sanguíneos. A menudo, las mujeres con PCOS tienen problemas de fertilidad. Es decir, la capacidad para quedar embarazadas.
Consulte a su proveedor de atención médica si tiene periodos mensuales irregulares, dificultades para quedar embarazada o exceso de acné o de crecimiento de vello. Si le dicen que tiene SOP, los cambios de estilo de vida como la pérdida de peso (si tiene sobrepeso) y el aumento de actividad física pueden reducir la resistencia a la insulina, lo cual puede ayudar a controlar el SOP.
La metformina, un medicamento que se utiliza para tratar la diabetes, puede reducir la concentración de la insulina en sangre. A algunas chicas con síndrome de ovario poliquístico, les puede ayudar a controlar la ovulación y la concentración de andrógenos, lo que puede contribuir a regularizar el ciclo menstrual. Algunas adolescentes y mujeres de más edad tratadas con metformina también experimentan pérdida de peso y reducción de la hipertensión.
In patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) who are obese, endocrine-metabolic parameters markedly improve after 4-12 weeks of dietary restriction. Their sex hormone–binding globulin (SHBG) levels rise, and free testosterone levels fall by 2-fold. [66] Serum insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels also decrease. In patients with PCOS who are obese, weight loss is associated with a reduction of hirsutism and a return of ovulatory cycles in 30% of women, thereby improving pregnancy rates, as well as improving glucose tolerance and lipid levels. [12, 3]
We undertook two searches of the scientific literature. The first search sought pre-clinical studies which explained the reproductive endocrine effects of whole herbal extracts in oligo/amenorrhoea, hyperandrogenism and PCOS. Herbal medicines from the first search informed key words for the second search. The second search sought clinical studies, which corroborated laboratory findings. Subjects included women with PCOS, menstrual irregularities and hyperandrogenism.
Jump up ^ Legro, RS; Arslanian, SA; Ehrmann, DA; Hoeger, KM; Murad, MH; Pasquali, R; Welt, CK; Endocrine, Society (December 2013). "Diagnosis and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline". The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 98 (12): 4565–92. doi:10.1210/jc.2013-2350. PMC 5399492. PMID 24151290.
No evidence that therapeutic agents additional to V. agnus-castus in Mastodynon® affect prolactin concentration. Four withdrew for unknown reasons. All pregnant women were withdrawn from the study. 4 women had miscarriages, all in the active arm. After 2 years there were 21 more pregnancies with 2 miscarriages – evenly spread over active and placebo groups. Women with infertility were included in this study however data from women who conceived were excluded. This may have led to an underestimation of treatment effect (type 1 error).

Dr. Victor Luna completed his medical education at Escuela Autonoma de Ciencias Medicas de Centroamerica in San Jose, Costa Rica. He then participated in an internship at LSU Health Science Center where he later completed his residency in Internal Medicine where he served as the chief resident for his final year. Dr. Luna continued his education by completing a fellowship at University of South Florida.


Many doctors prescribe the drug metformin to help regulate the amount of glucose in the blood. The medication is traditionally used to treat Type 2 diabetes, as it makes the body more sensitive to insulin, and decreases the amount of glucose the liver releases. A meta-analysis published online in June in the journal Human Reproductive Update demonstrated that when metformin is combined with lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise, it has been shown to help women with PCOS lose more body fat, achieve lower blood sugar, and improve menstruation better than lifestyle modification alone.

Progestin therapy. Taking progestin for 10 to 14 days every one to two months can regulate your periods and protect against endometrial cancer. Progestin therapy doesn't improve androgen levels and won't prevent pregnancy. The progestin-only minipill or progestin-containing intrauterine device is a better choice if you also wish to avoid pregnancy.
Dahil lamang ikaw ay ilagay sa ilang timbang dahil sa ang simula ng PCOS, ay hindi nangangahulugan na dapat mong itapon ang lahat ng mga mapagkukunan ng mataba pagkain mula sa iyong pagkain! Ang katotohanan ay na walang ang paggamit ng malusog na taba sa iyong katawan ay hindi maaaring makabuo ng hormones sa ninanais na halaga. Maaari mong isama butter o olive oil sa iyong pagkain.
You may feel that it is difficult to lose excess weight and keep it off, but it is important to continue the effort. Your efforts help reduce the risk for developing serious health complications that can impact women with PCOS much sooner than women without PCOS. The biggest health concerns are diabetes, heart disease, and stroke because PCOS is linked to having high blood pressure, pre-diabetes, and high cholesterol.

hi dok posible po bang may PCOS aq dahil ang regla q po ay irregular qng hindi po 2months minsan 3months qng mag karoon aq nong dalaga naman po aq regular regla q pero ng nag kaanak aq nong 2010 hanggang ngaun po nag irregular na po regla q posible po ba un sa dahilan kaya d aq uli mag kaanak and ask qna din po f pwd mag take ng pills trust kahit d pa po aq nag pa consult sa OB GYNE tnx po


Bajar de peso. Los hábitos de alimentación saludable y la actividad física en forma periódica pueden contribuir a aliviar los síntomas relacionados con SOP. Bajar de peso puede ayudar a reducir los niveles de glucosa en sangre, mejorar la forma en la que el cuerpo utiliza la insulina y ayudar a que las hormonas alcancen niveles normales. Inclusive un 10 % de pérdida de peso (por ejemplo, una mujer que pesa 150 libras y que baje 15) puede ayudar a que el ciclo menstrual sea más regular y que tengas más posibilidades de quedar embarazada. 3 Obtén más información sobre el peso saludable.
Genetics play ng isang papel sa PCOS, at ito kadahilanan ay malinaw naman hindi sa ilalim ng aming kontrol. Ngunit marami sa mga iba pang mga kadahilanan ay, at ang mga pagbabagong maaaring madaling isinama sa aming pamumuhay. Kung makapansin ka ng anuman sa mga sintomas ng PCOS, kumuha ito diagnosed na sa pamamagitan ng isang gynecologist. Bukod sa maginoo mga pagpipilian sa paggamot, maaari mong isama ang mga remedyo sa bahay para polycystic obaryo upang mahanap kaluwagan. Ngunit huwag kalimutan upang talakayin ang iyong mga plano sa iyong doktor. Tandaan na siya / siya ay ang expert!
This high potency blend of botanicals and antioxidants focuses on supporting the vessels of the cardiovascular system as well as cellular vitality, that can be compromised in women with PCOS and insulin resistance.* Over time, the interior lining of blood vessels are damaged when insulin levels are elevated and this damage contributes to the formation of Cardiovascular Disease. Elevated insulin also causes free radical damage and vessel injuries which are important factors in the progression of PCOS and Insulin Resistance. RejuvaPlus contains high quality antioxidants designed to support cardiovascular vessel integrity, minimize free-radical damage. An additional benefit is supporting immune function.
Contrary to the implication of “polycystic,” some women with the condition don’t have any cysts. A diagnosis requires only two of the following three criteria to be met: elevated levels of male sex hormones (which can cause excess hair growth, acne, and baldness), irregular or absent periods, and/or at least 12 follicular cysts on one or both ovaries.

Jump up ^ Wu, XK; Stener-Victorin, E; Kuang, HY; Ma, HL; Gao, JS; Xie, LZ; Hou, LH; Hu, ZX; Shao, XG; Ge, J; Zhang, JF; Xue, HY; Xu, XF; Liang, RN; Ma, HX; Yang, HW; Li, WL; Huang, DM; Sun, Y; Hao, CF; Du, SM; Yang, ZW; Wang, X; Yan, Y; Chen, XH; Fu, P; Ding, CF; Gao, YQ; Zhou, ZM; Wang, CC; Wu, TX; Liu, JP; Ng, EHY; Legro, RS; Zhang, H; PCOSAct Study, Group. (27 June 2017). "Effect of Acupuncture and Clomiphene in Chinese Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial". JAMA. 317 (24): 2502–2514. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7217. PMC 5815063. PMID 28655015.
Chicken and egg: was Luna an asshole who started drugs and became even more of an asshole, or did she start drugs that turned into an asshole? A lot of what's wrong with her has little to do with her addiction - e.g. her desperate attempts at focusing everything into a mad scramble for sympathy (some bum died, so she wrote a story that made it look as if he had been her closest friend so people tell her they're sorry etc.) derive from her being an asshole, not from her addiction. Anyone who consciously wants to become a junkie for an aesthetic is already way deeply fucked imho.
Preclinical and clinical studies provide preliminary evidence that six herbal medicines may have beneficial effects for women with oligo/amenorrhea, hyperandrogenism and PCOS. The quality of the evidence is variable and strongest for Vitex agnus-castus and Cimicifuga racemosa in the management of oligo/amenorrhea and infertility associated with PCOS; and Cinnamomum cassia for improving metabolic hormones in PCOS. Evidence for Tribulus terrestris, Glycyrrhiza spp. alone and in combination with Paeonia lactiflora and Paeonia lactiflora combined with Cinnamon cassia is promising but in an emergent phase. Further investigations into the mechanisms of effect for herbal extracts are needed to complete our understanding of the reproductive endocrinological effects for herbal medicine for these common conditions.
Moran, L. J., Ko, H., Misso, M., Marsh, K., Noakes, M., Talbot, M., … Teede, H. J. (2013, April). Dietary composition in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome: A systematic review to inform evidence-based guidelines [Abstract]. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(4), 520–545. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23420000
oh ok thanks I didn't see that. wow he got that fast! maybe the bronx is faster at processing them. and yeah you'd think so. but especially with public defenders, they get paid by NY state, not the defendant obvi. the more hours they spend on a case, the more they get paid. also, the courts go on vacation usually for summer and Christmas/New Year's. Lurch got arrested in May but wasn't seen til July, prob due to summer vacation(s). one of my cases was still going on during the winter and I went to court in November and then didn't have to go again until mid January due to the holidays. so for a dopehead, that's 3 whole months of getting high without worrying about having to stop anytime soon.
The advantages of CC use are low cost, oral administration, few side effects (flushing, headache, visual disturbances and abdominal discomfort), the induction of monofollicular development in most cases 16 and a low rate of multiple gestations (2 to 13%) 17. The initial dose is 50 mg/day for five days (starting between the second and fifth day of the menstrual cycle) and may be increased to 150 mg/day 17,18; however, doses greater than 100 mg/day usually do not offer additional benefits (may be useful in obese women) 18. The ovulation rate may reach 75 to 80% 19 with a conception rate of 22% per cycle 20 and a cumulative pregnancy rate between 60 and 70% in six cycles 9. There is no evidence that the administration of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the mid-cycle increases ovulation rates (OR 0.99; 95% CI: 0.36-2.77) or clinical pregnancy (OR 1.02; 95% CI: 0.56-1.89) 21,22. CC treatment should be limited to six ovulatory cycles and US monitoring is not mandatory (it is recommended only in the first ovulatory cycle to adjust the dose based on the ovarian follicular growth and development and for endometrial assessment) 17,18. Additional cycles of ovulation induction with CC (maximum of twelve cycles) may be individually evaluated based on the cost-effectiveness and age of women and after discussion with the couple 9. The incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS; increased capillary permeability with consequent third-space fluid sequestration and hemoconcentration) associated with the use of CC is low, approximately 1 to 6% 17,23.
I reckon probably the latter though, people do actually want to help her, to the extent that people get pissed off as fuck if you express any of that sort of sentiment in here because we've heard it so often. I imagine a lot of posters view her like PT but worse - it's just frustrating to watch someone ruin their life so spectacularly and reject all the things that would actually make their life better.
Hi dok..may tanung lang po ako..kasi po almost 9 months napo akung d nireregla..dati po kasi nagpatingin nku sa ob gyne at niresetahan ako ng contraceptive pills ung diane 35. Siguro po 3 months din ako uminom nun..at niregla din nman po ako…tinigil ko lang po kasi un kasi po sabi ng matatanda bat daw po ako umiinom ng pills eh wala pa daw po akung anak at asawa bka daw po mas lalong masira matress ko..ano po ba dapat kung gawin .takot kuna po kasing magpatingin sa doktor ulit…sana rwplayan nyo po ako.tnx pi
There is growing evidence that mood disturbances, mostly severe depression, are common in PCOS women , in whom impaired quality of life from body image concerns cause fatigue, sleep disturbance and changes in eating habits. In addition, many PCOS patients report feeling abnormal, unfeminine, and embarrassed due to unwanted hair, often hiding their hair growth and covering their face when talking to others. Understanding how a woman feels about her body image and improving this perception are essential components of any management plan that provides overall health care to women with PCOS.
Fish oil has been associated with a long list of health benefits, and some research indicates that omega-3 supplements can decrease androgen levels in women with PCOS. One study found that women with PCOS who were given three grams of omega-3s a day for eight weeks had lower testosterone concentrations and were more likely to resume regular menses than subjects who received a placebo.
May mga kababaihan na hindi naman nababagay sa oral contraceptive pills na may magkasamang estrogen at progestin. Ang alternatibong reseta ng doktor dito ay progesterone (tulad ng Provera).  Ito ay iniinom sa sampu hanggang labing-apat na araw kada isa hanggang tatlong buwan. Nakakatulong ito para magkaregla ang babae para maiwasan ang kanser sa lining ng matres (endometrial cancer) pero walang epekto ito sa taghiyawat at sobrang buhok. Puwede ring mabuntis kung ito ang iniinom na gamot.
Other excluded studies investigated the herbal medicines included in this review examining conditions other than PCOS, oligo/amenorrhoea and hyperandrogenism. These included investigations into effectiveness for Vitex agnus-castus for pre-menstrual syndrome [92–97] and mastalgia [98, 99], Cimicifuga racemosa for menopausal symptoms [100] and Glycyrrhiza spp with Paeonia lactiflora libido in males [101].
PCOS is due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.[6][7][15] Risk factors include obesity, not enough physical exercise, and a family history of someone with the condition.[8] Diagnosis is based on two of the following three findings: no ovulation, high androgen levels, and ovarian cysts.[4] Cysts may be detectable by ultrasound.[9] Other conditions that produce similar symptoms include adrenal hyperplasia, hypothyroidism, and high blood levels of prolactin.[9]
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