Metformin has been tested in combination with cholesterol lowering medications. Pretreatment of obese PCOS patients with atorvastatin (20 mg per day for 3 mo) followed by 3 mo of metformin (1500 mg per day) resulted in more effective lowering of HOMA-IR than metformin alone[80]. Other similar data show that combined treatment with metformin and atorvastatin compared to metformin alone produced similar but significant improvements in IR. Combination therapy only showed successful reduction of hyperandrogenism and not IR[81].

One of the biggest challenges in reviewing the evidence for PCOS treatment is that many manifestations of the condition may be components of other disease processes. For example, there may be a study of medications that are useful for hirsutism, but the patient population in the study did not explicitly have PCOS. Thus, recommendations specific for treating symptoms of PCOS may be lacking. When reviewing a study of the treatment of insulin resistance in a general population, it cannot be assumed that the outcomes would mirror those in women with PCOS.


For acne or excess hair growth, a water pill (diuretic) called spironolactone (Aldactone) may be prescribed to help reverse these problems. The use of spironolactone requires occasional monitoring of blood tests because of its potential effect on the blood potassium levels and kidney function. Eflornithine (Vaniqa) is a prescription cream that can be used to slow facial hair growth in women.Electrolysis and over-the-counter depilatory creams are other options for controlling excess hair growth.

Methadone is said to not get people "high," but I beg to differ. It doesn't give any of the euphoria that heroin does, nor the rush, but it definitely has a body high to it. I've never taken a dose of methadone over 30mg (which is a typical maintenance dose, btw) and got so high off that I couldn't walk straight. Mentally I was nearly clear though. Maybe Lurch likes feeling physically retarded and it takes him 130mg to get there? Who knows.


Acne is common in the general population and in patients with PCOS. Hormonal contraceptives are first-line medications for treating acne associated with PCOS and can be used in conjunction with standard topical acne therapy (e.g., retinoids, antibiotics, benzoyl peroxide) or as monotherapy.19,34 Antiandrogens, spironolactone being the most common, can be added as second-line medications.19,34

Not all women with PCOS have difficulty becoming pregnant. For those that do, anovulation or infrequent ovulation is a common cause. Other factors include changed levels of gonadotropins, hyperandrogenemia and hyperinsulinemia.[89] Like women without PCOS, women with PCOS that are ovulating may be infertile due to other causes, such as tubal blockages due to a history of sexually transmitted diseases.
Although aromatase inhibitors have been used in women with PCOS as an alternative method to avoid the anti-estrogenic effect of CC on the endometrium, these compounds are not typically used in clinical practice to treat infertility in these patients. Their mechanism of action is based on reducing the peripheral conversion of androgens to estrogens in ovarian granulosa cells by blocking aromatase. Consequently, a decrease in estrogen serum levels and in its negative feedback in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland is noted, resulting in increased endogenous gonadotropin release 41.
Hi doc..may katanungan lang po sana ako.last year na diagnosed po na may PCOS ako,pro bago po madiagnosed un,3 months po ako dinudugo(ireg po ang period ko simula ng nag trabaho ako sa call center) kaya kala ko ok lng po un dahil sanay naman po ako na ireg kaya pinabayaan ko po ung 3 months na pag dudugo.naalarma lang po ako at nagpatingin sa ob dahil ung pang 3rd moth ng pag durugo,sjmobra na po ang lakas na pakiramdam ko po ay mauubusan ako ng dugo sa lakas at geabe po ang buo buo.dun po mag decide ako magpatingin agad ako pina transvaginal ng doctor,dun po lumabas na my pcos ako,at bukod po doon,sobrang kapal na po mg lining ng matres ko at nsa result din po nakalagay na rinerefer na po ako sa endocrinologist.pero ang ginawa po ng ob ko is pinainom ako ng provera at ipinaliwanag ang pcos at ung tungkol sa kapal ng lining ng matresko.nabahala po ako dahil sabi po sa akin,kelngan daw po ako raspahin dahil sa kapal nito.pro neg refuse din po ung ob ko gwn ung procedure na un dhl daw po wla pa po akong amak at asawa.kya,provera at after ng provera,althea pills lng po ang iniinom ko.ang tanong ko lng po doc,posible po ba na normal na ang matres ko dahil 1 year mhgit ndn po mula ng ngng ok ang period ko dahil sa pills?kung hindi po,ano po ba ang maipapayo nyo na gawin ko doc?nag babasa basa po kc ako,high risk dw po sa endometrial cancer ang gmitong case.by d way po doc,26 years old po ako.salamat po at sna masagot nyo po ako.Godbless
Chia buto ay itinuturing na isang superfood dahil ito ay isang rich source ng pandiyeta hibla, malusog taba, protina, at mineral. Omega - 3 mataba acids sa anyo ng alpha-linolenic acid (ala) ay naroroon sa chia buto. Sakit sa puso, mataas na kolesterol, at alta presyon ay maaaring lahat ay dinala sa ilalim ng control sa pamamagitan ng ito malusog na anyo ng taba. Chia buto din maglaman ng antioxidants sa anyo ng phenolic compounds (17). Idagdag sila sa iyong ilas na manliligaw, muffins o lamang ng ilang mga yogurt at mayroon ang mga ito araw-araw.
Phy, J. L., Pohlmeier, A. M., Cooper, J. A., Watkins, P., Spallholz, J., Harris, K. S., … Boylan, M. (2015, July 27). Low starch/low dairy diet results in successful treatment of obesity and co-morbidities linked to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy, 5(2), 259. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4516387/
Muchas gracias por tu comentario 🙂 Efectivamente, PCOS tiene como objetivo ayudar a regular los niveles que están desajustados en las mujeres con SOP. De esta forma, contribuye a que las reglas se regulen de forma natural y se alivien otros síntomas del SOP. PCOS es eficaz en 8 de cada 10 mujeres y suele regular los ciclos tras 2/3 meses tomándolo.
If you’ve been told you have PCOS, you may feel frustrated or sad. You may also feel relieved that at last there is a reason and treatment for the problems you have been having, especially if you have had a hard time keeping a healthy weight, or you have excess body hair, acne, or irregular periods. Having a diagnosis without an easy cure can be difficult. However, it’s important for girls with PCOS to know they are not alone. Finding a health care provider who knows a lot about PCOS and is someone you feel comfortable talking to is very important. Keeping a positive attitude and working on a healthy lifestyle even when results seem to take a long time is very important, too! Many girls with PCOS tell us that talking with a counselor about their concerns can be very helpful. Other girls recommend online chats. The Center for Young Women’s Health offers a free and confidential monthly online chat for girls and young women with PCOS.

PCOS is associated with multiple metabolic defects, including metabolic syndrome. Twice as many women with PCOS have metabolic syndrome as in the general population, and about one-half of women with PCOS are obese.1,9 The presence of PCOS is also associated with a fourfold increase in the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus.10 There is an increased prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease,11,12 sleep apnea,13 and dyslipidemia14 in patients with PCOS, even when controlled for body mass index. Rates of cardiovascular disease are higher in patients with PCOS, but increased cardiovascular mortality has not been consistently demonstrated.15,16 Finally, there is evidence to suggest an increased risk of mood disorders among patients with PCOS.17,18


A randomized study suggested that combined metformin/letrozole and bilateral ovarian drilling are similarly effective as second-line treatment in infertile women with clomiphene citrate–resistant PCOS. [52] In this study, 146 patients were given metformin and letrozole, and 73 underwent bilateral ovarian drilling. There was significant reduction in testosterone, fasting insulin, and ratio of fasting glucose to fasting insulin in the metformin/letrozole group. There was significant reduction in follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and ratio of LH to FSH in the bilateral drilling group. There was no significant difference between the patients in the 2 groups regarding cycle regularity, ovulation, pregnancy rate, and abortion rate. [52]
If these standard treatments don’t work, your doctor may recommend in vitro fertilization (IVF). Your egg is fertilized by your partner’s sperm in a lab, then transferred to your uterus to implant and grow. Your doctor may also recommend a surgical procedure called ovarian “drilling”. Lasers, or a very thin, heated needle, are used to pierce several holes in the surface of your ovary, which improves the chances of successful ovulation for about six to eight months. This is specifically effective for women with PCOS since the outer surface of the ovaries can become extra thick, interfering with the natural process of ovulation.

Clinical investigations found no adverse effects for the six herbal medicines included in this review (Table 2). A comparative study investigating the pharmaceutical Bromocriptine and the herbal medicine Vitex agnus-castus found no side effects associated Vitex agnus-ca stus compared to 12.5% of participants taking Bromocriptine reporting nausea and vomiting [63]. No studies comparing the effectiveness for herbal medicines and the oral contraceptive pill in PCOS, oligo/amenorrhoea and hyperandrogenism were found.
There have been many studies on PCOS in the past several years; however, most are fairly small. Also, many studies examine medication effects on surrogate markers (e.g., androgen levels) rather than clinical outcomes (e.g., hirsutism). The study results are often conflicting, and in a recent systematic review, only 33 of 115 possible studies met basic inclusion criteria (e.g., randomized controlled trials), suggesting that many of the data in the literature may have methodologic flaws.1
Your doctor or nurse will look at your skin and measure your weight and blood pressure. They’ll ask questions about your period, any symptoms you may be having, and your personal and family health history. They may do a pelvic exam and blood tests to check your hormone levels, whether you may be pregnant, and more. In some cases, your doctor or nurse may recommend getting an ultrasound to check for ovarian cysts.  
Our leading System is designed to guide you as you transform your overall health and heal your PCOS symptoms. With our proprietary 5-Element System, you CAN reverse your symptoms, including: period problems, weight gain, infertility, acne, insulin resistance and blood sugar issues, thinning hair, facial and body hair growth, fatigue, diminished sex drive, acne and skin tags, and mood swings no matter what your age.
Agreed, sounds like a bunch of insecure teenagers trying to tear people down for things they can't help so they can feel better about their own misshapen bodies. Luna is shitty enough of her own accord; no need to get all up in arms over things that she has no control over when she doesn't even pretend to be a flawless aphrodite like many of the cows here. It's just self-serving tryhardery at that point.
Insulin-sensitizing agents are indicated for most women with PCOS because they have positive effects on insulin resistance, menstrual irregularities, anovulation, hirsutism, and obesity. Of all the drugs used to treat manifestations of PCOS, metformin (Glucophage) has the most data supporting its effectiveness. Table 1 details the most common medications used to treat manifestations of PCOS.6–27
Hello doc naoperahan n po aq ng cyst s right ovary q..tapos ngaun my pcos aq..yun findings nila nung ngpcheckup aq..folic acid at metformin ang nireseta skn..pero HND n po aq nkkainom ngaun dhil andto po aq s abroad..almost 4 yrs n po kme ng aswa q til now wla p kmeng baby anu po dpt q gawin pra mbuntis aq pguwe..kse gustong gusto nmen ng aswa q mgkbaby..hope msgot mu tnong q doc slamat..
Bilang kababaihan edad, iba't-ibang mga genetic at hormonal disorder nakakaapekto sa kanilang buhay at kalusugan. Isa tulad ng hormonal kawalan ng timbang na may kaugnayan disorder na nakakaapekto sa mga kababaihan ay Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). Sa ganitong syndrome, dahil sa isang kawalan ng timbang sa mga reproductive hormones, likido-punong cysts punan ang obaryo. Ang mga obaryo makakuha pinalaki at itigil ang gumagana nang normal (1, 2).

If these standard treatments don’t work, your doctor may recommend in vitro fertilization (IVF). Your egg is fertilized by your partner’s sperm in a lab, then transferred to your uterus to implant and grow. Your doctor may also recommend a surgical procedure called ovarian “drilling”. Lasers, or a very thin, heated needle, are used to pierce several holes in the surface of your ovary, which improves the chances of successful ovulation for about six to eight months. This is specifically effective for women with PCOS since the outer surface of the ovaries can become extra thick, interfering with the natural process of ovulation.


Just fyi, when a cat stops grooming itself, it's a sign that it's about to die. Or at least something is seriously wrong, physically or psychologically. Elderly cats typically stop grooming themselves when they're about to die. I'm a vet tech, and have seen cats in their early 20's that still groom themselves. They may need a bit of help with their back ends due to arthritis, but a well cared for cat of any age will at least try.
In addition to assessing signs and symptoms of PCOS, medical providers take a medical history, perform a physical exam, and check blood hormone levels (including testosterone). They may also perform an ovarian ultrasound. Other tests looking for complication of PCOS may also be done, such as glucose tolerance test or a mental health screening survey. 
A polycystic ovary is defined as an ovary containing 12 or more follicles (or 25 or more follicles using new ultrasound technology) measuring 2 to 9 mm in diameter or an ovary that has a volume of greater than 10 mL on ultrasonography. A single ovary meeting either or both of these definitions is sufficient for diagnosis of polycystic ovaries.23,25 However, ultrasonography of the ovaries is unnecessary unless imaging is needed to rule out a tumor or the patient has met only one of the other Rotterdam criteria for PCOS.19,26 Polycystic ovaries meeting the above parameters can be found in as many as 62% of patients with normal ovulation, with prevalence declining as patients increase in age.27

Chromium ay naroroon sa katawan ng tao sa minimal na halaga, at ito Pinahuhusay ang kakayahan upang magbabad insulin. Ang isang babae na apektado ng PCOS ay maaaring maging lumalaban sa insulin, at maaari niyang harapin ang sitwasyong ito sa pamamagitan ng ubos na pagkain na naglalaman ng kromo. Ilang mga halimbawa ay ang broccoli, red wine, at berde beans. Maaari ka ring kumuha chromium supplement.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
A lot of people only know things about post-junkie Luna and think that it was the drugs that turned her into a bad person. Can't really blame them; the vast majority of pre-Luna discussion/posts consist of pictures of her and her friends, her upbringing, and her short-lived college career. How are they going to know that she was a cunt prior to getting hooked?

Excess insulin. Insulin is the hormone produced in the pancreas that allows cells to use sugar, your body's primary energy supply. If your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, then your blood sugar levels can rise and your body might produce more insulin. Excess insulin might increase androgen production, causing difficulty with ovulation.
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