Androgens. All females make androgens (also referred to as “male hormones”), but there are often higher levels of androgens in women with PCOS. The excess androgens are produced mostly by the ovaries, but the adrenal glands can also be involved. Excess androgens are responsible for many PCOS symptoms including acne, unwanted hair, thinning hair, and irregular periods.
Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens, Sabal serrulata) This herb has anti estrogenic effects and also has been found to decrease the testosterone levels in the blood. Both effects are very positive for women with PCOS .9 The herb has properties that can block the process of testosterone turning into DHT (dihydrotestosterone, a by-product of testosterone) which in turn lowers male hormones in the body.
Thanks for the clarification, I dont know anything about her or any of the side characters besides a few posts i've skimmed here and those tumblr posts from earlier 2016. I wouldn't be mean to any of them. I think they could really use some kindness. I just find a lack of hygiene to be repulsive due to my own personal germaphobia, i can't even expand and pics in the thread because my skin crawls and shudders and it makes me really nauseous just to see a stained shirt, its my problem. I'm sure she's just a sweet woman whose addiction has her spiraling downward with no way to get into a good rehab place. If they could get enough money for a facility program and keep a sober companion a few years, I think they could have a chance to get better and take care of Roger before he dies.

This website is written and published by the research team at Insulite Health, an authority on PCOS for over a decade.The information on the Insulite Health website has not been evaluated by the FDA. Products mentioned are not intended to treat, diagnose, cure or prevent any disease. Individual results may vary. The information and products are not intended as a substitute for the advice or medical care of a qualified health care professional. Insulite Health urges you to seek the advice of your health care professional before undertaking any dietary or lifestyle changes and to share with your provider any information pertaining to your well-being, including the advantages and risks of using of supplemental nutrition products.


Muchas gracias por tu comentario. Te cuento: PCOS es un complemento 100% natural y no tiene efectos secundarios no deseados ni interacciones con otros medicamentos. Por ello, es compatible con la píldora y con la metformina, que en ocasiones también se receta para el SOP. En caso de que quieras quedarte embarazada, también puedes tomar PCOS sin la píldora, con el objetivo de ayudar a regular tus ciclos y facilitar la fecundación del óvulo, evitando que éste se quede enquistado dentro del ovario 🙂

Serum (blood) levels of androgens (hormones associated with male development), including androstenedione and testosterone may be elevated.[17] Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels above 700–800 µg/dL are highly suggestive of adrenal dysfunction because DHEA-S is made exclusively by the adrenal glands.[61][62] The free testosterone level is thought to be the best measure,[62][63] with ~60% of PCOS patients demonstrating supranormal levels.[20] The Free androgen index (FAI) of the ratio of testosterone to sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) is high[17][62] and is meant to be a predictor of free testosterone, but is a poor parameter for this and is no better than testosterone alone as a marker for PCOS,[64] possibly because FAI is correlated with the degree of obesity.[65]


Women with PCOS have been shown to have higher levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in their blood. AGEs are compounds formed when glucose binds with proteins, and are believed to contribute to certain degenerative diseases and aging. One small study found that cutting down on dietary AGEs significantly reduced insulin levels in women with PCOS. Foods high in AGEs include animal-derived foods and processed foods. Applying high heat (grilling, searing, roasting) increases levels.
Su médico puede ayudarla a encontrar la manera de sentirse mejor sobre su apariencia. Por ejemplo, puede preguntarle al médico acerca de la mejor manera de eliminar el vello facial. Si se siente deprimida o preocupada, pregúntele a sus padres o médico de quién puede recibir terapia. También puede recurrir a un grupo de apoyo para hablar con otras mujeres con el síndrome. Es más valiente recibir terapia que sufrir en silencio.
Natuklasan ng mga pag-aaral ng paghahambing ng mga pagkain para sa PCOS na ang mga low-carbohydrate diet ay epektibo para sa parehong pagbaba ng timbang at pagpapababa ng mga antas ng insulin. Ang isang mababang glycemic index (low-GI) diyeta na nakakakuha ng karamihan sa mga carbohydrates mula sa prutas, gulay, at buong butil ay nakakatulong na makontrol ang panregla na mas mahusay kaysa sa regular na diyeta sa pagbaba ng timbang (21).

Polycystic ovary syndrome represents 80% of anovulatory infertility cases. Treatment initially includes preconception guidelines, such as lifestyle changes (weight loss), folic acid therapy to prevent the risk of fetal neural tube defects and halting the consumption of tobacco and alcohol. The first-line pharmacological treatment for inducing ovulation consists of a clomiphene citrate treatment for timed intercourse. The second-line pharmacological treatment includes the administration of exogenous gonadotropins or laparoscopic ovarian surgery (ovarian drilling). Ovulation induction using clomiphene citrate or gonadotropins is effective with cumulative live birth rates of approximately 70%. Ovarian drilling should be performed when laparoscopy is indicated; this procedure is typically effective in approximately 50% of cases. Finally, a high-complexity reproduction treatment (in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection) is the third-line treatment and is recommended when the previous interventions fail. This option is also the first choice in cases of bilateral tubal occlusion or semen alterations that impair the occurrence of natural pregnancy. Evidence for the routine use of metformin in infertility treatment of anovulatory women with polycystic ovary syndrome is not available. Aromatase inhibitors are promising and longer term studies are necessary to prove their safety.
Why does she act like everyone is either rich or dirt poor… She complains about being hungry than regularly spends $50+ on Amazon shit instead of food… Some people can live in big houses but still have to budget. Being clean and somewhat functional of a human being doesn't make someone rich & privileged. Using opportunities instead of squandering them doesn't mean being privileged. It's called not being a sack of lazy shit like you, Tuna.

And that’s not all. Nurturing your health with smart daily choices also helps protect against heart disease and diabetes, major health risks for women with PCOS. And while there’s little research specifically in PCOS, a healthy diet plus exercise and stress reduction are also proven to help lift anxiety and depression, improve sleep, reduce fatigue and boost energy – additional pluses that can help you feel great.
PCOS is a life-long condition and although the exact cause is yet to be identified, it is believed to have epigenetic origins, influenced by the uterine environment and behavioural factors [19]. Being overweight exacerbates all aspects of PCOS due to underlying metabolic disturbances [3]. Signs and symptoms are mediated by hormonal disorder including elevated androgens and fasting insulin, and abnormal relative ratio of the gonadotropins luteinising hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) [19]. Endocrine imbalances occur within the framework of disordered ovarian folliculogenesis, chronic anovulation, clinical signs of hyperandrogenism and metabolic syndrome [19].
Herbal remedies can be a very effective treatment option for PCOS because they are usually quite gentle on the body and have fewer side effects than medication.3 You can usually use PCOS herbs longer with fewer problems which is important because PCOS does not go away over time. The reasons you might want to consider using herbs for your polycystic ovarian syndrome is they can be very successful in treating the contributing factors of PCOS, providing relief for symptoms and healing the body by boosting your immune system.
No. Seroquel doesn't have a 'noticeable effect on your perception of reality'. I don't know where you get that shit but seriously, it just knock you out cold. There's no high like in benzos, there's no euphoria like in ambien. You take it and either you are sedated if the dosage is mild or you pass out if it's too much. It's supposed to calm you down and turn you in a zombie. But again, it's not the sedation you get on benzos. It's not enjoyable, you feel shitty and slow. Nobody would take that to be high, you don't feel relaxed, ffs.
There's also a good and bad way to go about nitpicking, imo. For every person laughing at Momo's dimpled ass, there are ten anons going 'ewwwwww look at _____'s potato nose i'd kms if i had it' or 'omg she needs surgery on her chin' and other ridiculous overreactions to normal photos/facial features that seem like they're made by young teens who want to make themselves feel more attractive.
Su médico puede ayudarla a encontrar la manera de sentirse mejor sobre su apariencia. Por ejemplo, puede preguntarle al médico acerca de la mejor manera de eliminar el vello facial. Si se siente deprimida o preocupada, pregúntele a sus padres o médico de quién puede recibir terapia. También puede recurrir a un grupo de apoyo para hablar con otras mujeres con el síndrome. Es más valiente recibir terapia que sufrir en silencio.
i understand that it's kind of the name of the game on this website but it just gets repetitive and boring after a while hearing people say the same things over and over again about her looks when 1) she really couldn't change it unless she had a ton of money (but we all know that'd just go to drugs) 2) like >>403879 and >>403866 said, she knows she's unattractive so there's no point in pointing out her bad physical qualities when everyone, including herself, gets it. and 3) most of the things that are being pointed out and mocked are normal and a lot of the people who post on this thread probably have the same things (like stretch marks. even if you aren't fat you can get those lol)
PCOS ay nagpapahiwatig sub-optimal gumagana ng reproductive organo. Kathang isip ng isang bata ay itinuturing na mahirap na sa ilalim ng gayong mga kalagayan. At kahit na kung ang babae ay maglihi, mga pagkakataon ng mga komplikasyon ng pagbubuntis at paghahatid ay mataas. Pagkalaglag, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, at preterm kapanganakan ay napaka-pangkaraniwan. Wastong pag-aalaga at tamang gamot ay maaaring makatulong sa pagbubuntis upang maging isang makinis na paglalakbay. Kumonsulta sa iyong doktor kung ikaw ay nagpaplanong magbuntis at sundin ang kanyang / ang kanyang mga rekomendasyon mabuti.
Three months. Follow up at 2 years Secondary amenorrhoea, n = 38; luteal insufficiency, n = 31; idiopathic infertility, n = 27. 30 drops per day over 3 months. Hormonal data from 32 cases. In the third treatment month 66 complete data sets were available. In a subgroup of women with luteal insufficiency (n = 21) there were significant improvements in clinical parameters in the treatment group compared to placebo (p = 0.023). Preparation ‘Mastodynon’ contains V agnus-castus plus other herbal extracts which may have confounded outcome measures.

Aunque los medicamentos utilizados para tratar el síndrome de ovario poliquístico reducen o detienen el crecimiento excesivo del vello en muchas chicas, existen distintos tipos de productos que ayudan a eliminar el vello en los lugares donde más disgusta tenerlo. Las cremas depilatorias permiten eliminar con facilidad el vello facial en el bigote o la barbilla. Asegúrate de seguir atentamente las instrucciones de uso para no desarrollar una erupción o una reacción alérgica.
PCOS is a life-long condition and although the exact cause is yet to be identified, it is believed to have epigenetic origins, influenced by the uterine environment and behavioural factors [19]. Being overweight exacerbates all aspects of PCOS due to underlying metabolic disturbances [3]. Signs and symptoms are mediated by hormonal disorder including elevated androgens and fasting insulin, and abnormal relative ratio of the gonadotropins luteinising hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) [19]. Endocrine imbalances occur within the framework of disordered ovarian folliculogenesis, chronic anovulation, clinical signs of hyperandrogenism and metabolic syndrome [19].
Like >>409129 said, there are non-opioid painkillers. But the chemical component of opioids that relieves pain is not the same component that causes a high anyway. We already have partial opiate agonists (like Suboxone) that people have been on for years. From what I've read about a vaccine like this, opioids could still be administered with the intended effect of substantial pain relief. With no unwanted side effects (high). Someone please correct me if I'm wrong, this prospect really excites me. Something like this could lead to a whole new class of painkilling drugs for people with chronic pain, allowing them to function without being high at all times.
Another study, a double-blind trial by Legro et al, found that letrozole is more effective than clomiphene in the treatment of infertility in PCOS. Based on treatment periods of up to five cycles, the study, which involved 750 anovulatory women with PCOS, found that the birth rates for letrozole and clomiphene were 27.5% and 19.1%, respectively. The rate of congenital abnormalities and the risk of pregnancy loss in the letrozole and clomiphene groups were found to be comparable, although the likelihood of twin births was lower with letrozole. [53, 54]
The authors hypothesized that something might be going on in the maternal environment in the womb that was causing PCOS in daughters. To get to the bottom of it, the authors first studied pregnant women by measuring a hormone call anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH). Usually, in pregnancy, a women’s AMH levels decrease. But the authors noticed that in women with PCOS, their levels of AMH did not decrease. The next step was to figure out what these high AMH levels might be doing to the daughters of women with PCOS. The authors used mice to model what was happening with human women by treating pregnant mice with AMH. When they were born, the pups of the treated mice had a lot of the same symptoms as women with PCOS: anovulation, higher testosterone levels, fewer litters and fewer pups per litter, among others. They also noticed that the brains of the mouse mothers treated with AMH produce a lot of another hormone, called GnRH. In fact, they produced three times the amount that control mouse mothers did.
Regardless of what reasons women have for seeking diagnosis and treatment of PCOS, it is imperative for practitioners to assess a woman’s risk for CAD. Assessment should probably be made in all PCOS patients regardless of BMI. Especially in young women or adolescents, IR may be the first identifiable risk factor. Practitioners must recognize that no universal test for IR exists and must use good clinical judgment to assess metabolic status in women. Stimulated testing with OGTT may be more sensitive than fasting measurements. Women who demonstrate IR should be counseled on lifestyle modifications. Physicians should discuss with their patients a target BMI that is realistically obtainable. It is often advisable for patients to seek nutritional assessment and counseling to help with this goal. In many individuals, consideration should be given to pharmacological treatment. Although the most commonly used medication is metformin, other medications may be appropriate first line therapy, especially in women not actively seeking pregnancy.

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PCOS son las siglas en inglés del síndrome de ovario poliquístico, una afección común en mujeres adolescentes y adultas. PCOS ocurre cuando hay un desequilibrio hormonal. Además de estrógeno (la principal hormona femenina), las mujeres también producen una pequeña cantidad de testosterona (la principal hormona masculina). Las muchachas y mujeres con PCOS producen un poco de testosterona adicional.
This was originally developed as a blood pressure medication and diuretic for hormonal forms of high blood pressure (hypertension) and fluid retention. “Turns out, in high doses, it’s very good at blocking male hormones,” explains Dunaif. For that reason, it’s used to target excess hair growth, a symptom of PCOS that can be particularly embarrassing.
Insulin-sensitizing agents are indicated for most women with PCOS because they have positive effects on insulin resistance, menstrual irregularities, anovulation, hirsutism, and obesity. Of all the drugs used to treat manifestations of PCOS, metformin (Glucophage) has the most data supporting its effectiveness. Table 1 details the most common medications used to treat manifestations of PCOS.6–27

Due to the high cost of the procedure, the need for hospitalization, general anesthesia and higher complications risks, ovarian drilling presents low cost effectiveness compared with gonadotropin plus timed intercourse. Moreover, the lack of standardization of the surgical technique and the absence of studies that have evaluated the repercussions of long-term of ovarian drilling demonstrate that this procedure should not be routinely performed but should only be considered as second line of therapy in women with PCOS who will be undergoing laparoscopy for another reason (adnexal mass or pelvic pain, for example). Additionally, ovarian drilling could be an alternative before the assisted reproduction treatment (ART) in individuals without financial conditions for the realization of ART and those who are resistant to CC.


Obesity is associated with PCOS. Obesity not only compounds the problem of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (see below), but also imparts cardiovascular risks. PCOS and obesity are associated with a higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome , a group of symptoms, including high blood pressure, that increase the chances of developing cardiovascular disease. It has also been shown that levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a biochemical marker that can predict the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, are elevated in women with PCOS. Reducing the medical risks from PCOS-associated obesity is important.

In practice, CC treatment can initiate the menstrual cycle as early as the second day. Classically, this drug treatment has been initiated between the third and fifth day of the menstrual cycle and maintained for 5 days. Ovulation typically occurs seven days after the last CC tablet is taken. Seven days after the probable date of ovulation, follicular rupture can be confirmed by progesterone levels greater than 3 ng/dL (evaluated only at the beginning of the treatment to verify the response to CC when US is unavailable) and pregnancy can be confirmed by measuring the blood beta fraction of human chorionic gonadotropin (βhCG) 7 days after the progesterone measurement. The couple should maintain their usual frequency of sexual intercourse, including during the fertile period. This protocol is ideal for primary healthcare centers with limited subsidiary resources.
101. Uras R, Orrù M, Pani F, Marotto MF, Pilloni M, Guerriero S, Etzi R, Zedda P, Sorge R, Lello S, et al. Endocrinological, metabolic and clinical features of treatment with oral contraceptive formulation containing ethinylestradiol plus chlormadinone acetate in nonobese women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Contraception. 2010;82:131–138. [PubMed]

Maybe anons theory of them using Roger's potential ssi funds for rent isn't to far off? My grandpa used to get like 1200 a month from ssi but it's probably gone up since then and if they get some sort of housing assistance usually they would only have to pay 1/3 of their income. Which would leave plenty to live off of comfortably for the month unless you are using your funds for drugs or useless amazon crap like tuna buys
Ovarian drilling has some advantages compared with gonadotropin treatment because it is associated with a lower multiple gestation rate (OR 0.13; 95% CI: 0.03 to 0.52; p=0.004; I(2)=0%; 5 trials; n=166) 29 and does not require US monitoring of follicular development 9. However, the long-term impact of ovarian drilling on the ovarian reserve/ovarian function remains unknown 29.
Other medications with anti-androgen effects include flutamide,[91] and spironolactone,[74] which can give some improvement in hirsutism. Metformin can reduce hirsutism, perhaps by reducing insulin resistance, and is often used if there are other features such as insulin resistance, diabetes, or obesity that should also benefit from metformin. Eflornithine (Vaniqa) is a medication that is applied to the skin in cream form, and acts directly on the hair follicles to inhibit hair growth. It is usually applied to the face.[74] 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (such as finasteride and dutasteride) may also be used;[92] they work by blocking the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (the latter of which responsible for most hair growth alterations and androgenic acne).
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